what is Rosemary

An evergreen, aromatic shrub of the Lamiaceae family, reaches a height of 0.5 to 2 meters. The name probably comes from the Latin „ros” (rosa) „Marinus” (sea). Occurs in the wild in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea, especially in coastal regions, prefer sunny, dry, limestone hills. Hardwood stalk in the second year, dark green leaves. Flowers 10 to 12 mm in size, light blue, rarely pink or white with shades.


The Spaniards worship him because, according to beliefs, he gave Mary shelter during his escape to Egypt. When she hung her blue coat on the bush, the white flowers until now turned blue. Superstition says that young people who touch under the rosemary branch will fall in love if the branch has an open flower. Rosemary was used for divination by maidens, the branches were planted in separate pots and assigned the name of a potential lover. The one that grew the strongest and the fastest gave the answer. Twigs put on dolls were to attract a lover or healing vibrations to the disease. It was believed that placing a sprig of rosemary under the pillow before bedtime helps ward off nightmares, and those placed outside the house repel witches.

Over the centuries, this meaning has changed and it was believed that wherever a woman rules the house and garden, rosemary grows abundantly. In the 16th century, some destroyed rosemary bushes in their gardens to show that they, not their wives, run the house. Rosemary was part of the larendogra („Water of the Queen of Hungary”), the first distilled perfume in which the essential oil and alcohol were combined. The mixture was registered in 1370 and was named for the part of Queen Elizabeth of Hungary. According to legend, the hermit who introduced the queen to the recipe told her that she would keep her beauty until her death.
Rosemary is used in the food, cosmetics, pharmaceutical, and perfumery industries. The oil is used as an additive to perfumes, incense, shampoos, and cleaners, as an indoor air freshener.

Over the centuries, this meaning has changed and it was believed that wherever a woman rules the house and garden, rosemary grows abundantly. In the 16th century, some destroyed rosemary bushes in their gardens to show that they, not their wives, run the house. Rosemary was part of the larendogra („Water of the Queen of Hungary”), the first distilled perfume in which the essential oil and alcohol were combined. The mixture was registered in 1370 and was named for a part of Queen Elizabeth of Hungary. According to legend, the hermit who introduced the queen to the recipe told her that she would keep her beauty until her death.

The leaves give an antiseptic bathroom cleaner, and added to the bath stimulate blood circulation. In natural medicine, it is used internally as a tea to stimulate appetite and circulation, most importantly, it has a stimulating effect on the blood supply to the abdominal organs and the formation of gastric and intestinal fluids. Has a choleretic and diuretic effect, prevents flatulence. Externally used to increase circulation and used for bathing for cardiovascular problems, arthritis and rheumatism (e.g. rubbing rosemary tincture). An ointment for rheumatism and migraines is being prepared from it. Decoction used as a disinfectant and to support the healing of infected wounds. Tea has a high antifungal activity against many harmful fungi and can be used as a plant protection product or a strengthening agent. According to the European Pharmacopoeia, rosemary oil has antibacterial activity against various bacteria, yeast and mold, has a strong antiseptic effect and improves skin circulation. It is used in 6-10% ointments for circulatory disorders, rheumatic diseases, sprains. Internally, 3-4 drops are taken for sugar or in warm tea. In addition, the plant has a disinfecting, stimulating effect, strengthens memory, stimulates the brain, increases concentration, is a nutrient for the heart, brain and nervous system, helps in the absorption of nutrients, slows down the aging process. It has aromatic properties, stimulates appetite and digestion, carminative, useful in stomach aches, headaches and migraines, calms the nervous system, supports the liver and gallbladder. It is also recommended for general infections such as cough and asthma. Rosemary bath is especially recommended in weakness, exhaustion and depression. Topical macerate in wine is also used, it has anti-rheumatic and analgesic effects, helps with arthritis. Infusions are used to gargle, relieve cough, have a beneficial effect on the liver and intestines, antispasmodics, heal ulcers, wash and heal wounds, for anti-rheumatic compresses, added to the bath to refresh, cleanse and tone the skin. Flowers are collected from May to August, they have leaf-like properties. A decoction of them prevents baldness, has a toning effect and relieves indigestion, ointments are used for eczema. Tincture has antispasmodic effect, is used to prevent stomach ulcers, and to treat rheumatism and lumbago. Rosemary smoke has been used to treat asthma. The substances contained in rosemary limit the development of pathogens. Administration of rosemary oil, both through the respiratory tract and orally, stimulates the activity of the central nervous, respiratory and motor systems. Alcohol extract has shown an antidepressant effect. Numerous studies indicate that rosemary would prevent and limit the progression of some types of cancer. Do not exceed the recommended dose, it should not be used by pregnant women.

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